Mariposas de Bolivia

sitio 61

 first update d. 12 January 2010

  last update d. 10 January 2014

Redactor: Lars Andersen

bajo construccion

Charaxinae

Anaeini and Preponini.
_________________________

Kori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 1 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenKori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 2 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenKori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 2 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenKori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 3 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenKori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 3 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenKori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 3 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenKori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 3 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenKori Wayku inca trail, Coroico, Yungas. d. 3 February 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 17 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 16 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 16 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 12 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 23 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 24 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 24 january 2010. Photographer: Lars Andersen Caranavi, Yungas. d. 21 january 2010. Photographer: Peter MøllmannCaranavi, Yungas. d. 25 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 14 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 14 january 2010. Photographer: Lars Andersen

The Charaxinae (357) are a group of robust, medium to large Nymphalids characterised by having a rapid and very powerful flight, stout bodies and strong wings.

They are represented with one Charaxes species in Europe. In Africa by Tribe Charaxes (179), Tribe Palla (4) and Tribe Euxanthe (6). In the Oriental and Australian regions by Tribe Polyura (24) Tribe Prothoini (4) and Tribe Charaxes (19). Total: 234 species

And in the neotropics by genera- Tribe Anaeini; Anaea (3), Coenophlebia (1), Zaretis (6), Siderone (2), Hypna (1), Polygrapha (4), Consul (4), Memphis (67), Fountainea (10) Total: 98 species

Tribe Anaeomorphini; Anaeomorpha (1).

Tribe Preponini; Prepona (Agrias) (12), Archaeoprepona (Noreppe) (9). Total: 21 species

Peter is waiting for the rare Anaea and Agrias comes to bait. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 15 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenLars Andersen on the rocky edge of rapid stream, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 27 january 2010. Photographer: Peter MøllmannLars Andersen on small suspension bridge, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 27 january 2010. Photographer: Peter MøllmannArchaeoprepona meander (Cramer, [1775]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 12 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona amphimachus (Fabricius, 1775) and back; Archaeoprepona meander (Cramer, [1775]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 28 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona meander (Cramer, [1775]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 29 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenAgrias claudina lugens and Archaeoprepona amphimachus. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 27 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 27 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 29 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenCaranavi, Yungas. d. 29 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona dexamenus Hopffer, 1874. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 12 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona dexamenus Hopffer, 1874. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 26 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona dexamenus Hopffer, 1874. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 16 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona laertes (Hübner, [1811]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 26 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona laertes (Hübner, [1811]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 13 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona laertes (Hübner, [1811]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 16 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona pylene (Hewitson, 1854). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 16 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona pylene (Hewitson, 1854). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 16 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona pylene (Hewitson, 1854). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 13 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona pylene (Hewitson, 1854). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 17 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenPrepona pheridamas, Rio Rufus, Yungas, Bolivia d. 1 february 2011 Photographer; Peter MøllmannPrepona Præneste buckleyana. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia. 9 Jan 2012. Fotograf, Peter Møllmann

Archaeoprepona and Prepona

The Archaeoprepona and Prepona are very similar on the upper surface, black to being chocolate brown with bands of dazzling blue or turquoise. The 2 genera can easily be distinguished by examining the underside hind-wings - in Archaeoprepona there is a tiny submarginal ocellus (eyes) in each cell, but in Prepona the ocellus near the apex, and the one near the tornus (the muscular middle section of an insect's body, which acts as an anchor for the legs, wings, head and abdomen), are both greatly enlarged.
Another difference is that
Prepona males have tufts of yellow androconial scales on the hind-wings (in Archaeoprepona these are black).

Prepona praeneste buckleyana (Hewitson, 1876), bagvinge med gul dusk (androconial) duftorgan. Caranavi, Bolivia december 2004. Private Coll.. Fotos d. 4/12 2006 Lars Andersen

Androconia; Specialised wing scales in male butterflies, from which pheromones are disseminated to attract or convey chemical messages to females.

Both genera are noted for their red proboscises (red tube).

Habitats
This species is found in rainforests and humid deciduous forests at altitudes between sea level and about 1600m.

Lifecycle
The lifecycle is unknown but is probably similar to that of demophon as follows : The eggs are white, globular and laid singly on
Annonaceae or Malpigiaceae.

Annonaceae, also called the custard apple family is a family of flowering plants consisting of trees, shrubs or rarely lianas.

Malpighiaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. It comprises approximately 75 genera and 1300 species, all of which are native to the tropics and subtropics. About 80% of the genera and 90% of the species occur in the New World (the Caribbean and the southernmost United States to north Argentina)

The larvae have a prominent thoracic hump, and are dark brown on the thorax (body) and below the spiracles (breathing holes), the remainder being pale brown. The head bears a pair of stout recurved horns. The pupa is bluish green with irregular white spots resembling lichen, and is ovoid in shape with a prominent thoracic bulge. It is suspended by the cremaster (Tiny hooks at the tip of the abdomen of a pupa, used to secure the pupa to a silk pad spun by the caterpillar) from a leaf or twig.

Adult behaviour

The butterflies have an agile and very powerful flight, and are only active in hot sunny conditions. They commonly feed at sap runs, and also attend carrion, dung and rotting fruit on the forest floor. I have seen up to 4 different species on the animal excrement and suction. If a fly sit on their wings, they can pat it away.

Males often sit facing head-downwards and with wings half open, on narrow tree. Archaeoprepona amphimachus (Fabricius, 1775). Yolosa att.: 1500 m. Coroico, Yungas d. 24 February 2008. Photographer; Lars Andersen

Males often sit facing head-downwards and with wings half open, on narrow tree trunks at heights between about 2-4 metres, and from this position watch for potential mates. Often one can see them in fights with other Nymphalidae in the air. They are probably the fastest butterflies in the world?

_________________________

Bibliography and reference

Tree of Life Web Project 

learn about Butterflies and Moths

wikipedia

Prepona Præneste buckleyana. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia. 9 Jan 2012. Fotograf, Peter MøllmannPrepona praeneste buckleyana. Caranavi d 15 january 2013.  Photographer; Michael F.Prepona Præneste buckleyana. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia. 9 Jan 2012. Fotograf, Peter MøllmannPrepona deiphile xenagoras. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia d. 12 january 2013. Photographer; Peter MøllmannPrepona deiphile xenagoras. Caranavi, Yungas, Bolivia d. 12 january 2013. Photographer; peter MøllmannPrepona deiphile xenagoras. Caranavi d. 18 january 2013. Photographer, Peter MøllmannArchaeoprepona demophoon (Hübner, [1814]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 19 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona demophoon (Hübner, [1814]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 19 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona demophoon (Hübner, [1814]) and -. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 19 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona licomedes (Cramer, [1777]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 22 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona licomedes (Cramer, [1777]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 22 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona licomedes (Cramer, [1777]). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 29 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenArchaeoprepona demophon (Linnaeus, 1758). Caranavi, Yungas. d. 12 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenNoreppe chromus. Caranavi, Yungas. d. 23 january 2010. Photographer: Lars AndersenLars Andersen working on the Jatata inn hotel, Caranavi, Yungas. d. 18 january 2010. Photographer: Lars Andersen
 

There are 9 species in Prepona, and 8 in Archaeoprepona in Neotropic from Mexico to north Argentina.
Noreppa there are 1 species.
Prepona; in Bolivia, there are 6 species.
Archaeoprepona; In Bolivia there are 5 species.
Noreppa; In Bolivia there are 1 species.
Lars Andersen and Peter Møllmann have found  in Yungas, Bolivia (2004 to 2011):

________________________

Prepona (Agrias) amydon ssp. boliviensis (Fruhstorfer, 1895).

Prepona (Agrias) amydon ssp. ferdinandi (Fruhstorfer, 1895).

Prepona (Agrias) claudina ssp. lugens (Staudinger, 1886).

Prepona dexamenus (Hopffer, 1874).
Prepona laertes demodice (Godart, 1824).
Prepona deiphile xenagoras (Hewitson, 1875).
Prepona pheridamas (Cramer, 1777).
Prepona praeneste buckleyana (Hewitson, 1876).
Prepona pylene laertides (Staudinger, 1898).
Archaeoprepona amphimachus symaithus (Fruhstorfer, 1916)
Archaeoprepona meander megabates (Fruhstorfer, 1916)
Archaeoprepona demophon muson (Fruhstorfer, 1905)
Archaeoprepona demophoon andicola (Fruhstorfer, 1904)
Archaeoprepona licomedes (Cramer, 1777).
Noreppa chromus (Guérin-Ménéville, 1844)
________________________

Mariposas de Bolivia 

Enero 2010

por Peter Møllmann y Lars Andersen


Mariposas de Bolivia 

Enero 2009

por Peter Møllmann y Lars Andersen


link to Neotropical Butterflies of Will Carter and Kim Garwood, Metalmarks


link to Esmeralda hotel, Coroico, Yungas

 


dont use this pictures without permission from: 

photographer © Lars Andersen