Mariposas de Bolivia
first update d. 12
last update d. 10
Redactor: Lars Andersen
Anaeini and Preponini.
are a group of robust, medium to large Nymphalids characterised by having a
rapid and very powerful flight, stout bodies
and strong wings.
are represented with one Charaxes
species in Europe. Africa by Charaxes, Palla and
Euxanthe, in the
Oriental and Australian regions by Polyura and
in the neotropics by genera-
Consul, Memphis, Fountainea and
Prepona, Archaeoprepona, Noreppe
Archaeoprepona and Prepona
The Archaeoprepona and Prepona
are very similar on the upper surface, black
to being chocolate brown with bands of
dazzling blue or turquoise. The 2 genera can
easily be distinguished by examining the
underside hind-wings - in Archaeoprepona there is a
tiny submarginal ocellus (eyes) in each cell,
but in Prepona the ocellus near the apex,
and the one near the tornus (the muscular
middle section of an insect's body, which
acts as an anchor for the legs, wings, head
and abdomen), are both
Another difference is that Prepona males have
tufts of yellow androconial scales on the
hind-wings (in Archaeoprepona these are
wing scales in male butterflies, from which pheromones
are disseminated to attract or convey
chemical messages to females.
Both genera are noted for
their red proboscises (red tube).
This species is found
in rainforests and humid deciduous forests at
altitudes between sea level and about 1600m.
The lifecycle is
unknown but is probably similar to that of demophon as
follows : The eggs are white, globular and
laid singly on Annonaceae or Malpigiaceae.
Annonaceae, also called the custard
apple family is a family of flowering plants
consisting of trees, shrubs or
Malpighiaceae is a family of flowering plants in the
order Malpighiales. It
comprises approximately 75 genera and
1300 species, all
of which are native to the tropics and subtropics. About
80% of the genera and 90% of the species occur in
the New World (the Caribbean and
the southernmost United States to
The larvae have a
prominent thoracic hump, and are dark
brown on the thorax (body) and below the
spiracles (breathing holes), the
remainder being pale brown. The head bears a
pair of stout recurved horns. The pupa is
bluish green with irregular white spots
resembling lichen, and is ovoid in shape with
a prominent thoracic bulge. It is
suspended by the cremaster (Tiny hooks
at the tip of the abdomen of a pupa, used to
secure the pupa to a silk pad spun by the
caterpillar) from a leaf or twig.
The butterflies have an agile
and very powerful flight, and are only active in
hot sunny conditions. They commonly feed at sap
runs, and also attend carrion, dung and rotting
fruit on the forest floor. I have seen up to 4
different species on the animal excrement and
suction. If a fly sit on their wings, they can
pat it away.
Males often sit facing
head-downwards and with wings half open, on
narrow tree trunks at heights between about 2-4
metres, and from this position watch for
potential mates. Often one can see them in fights
with other Nymphalidae in the air. They are probably the
fastest butterflies in the world?
Bibliography and reference
Tree of Life Web Project
learn about Butterflies
There are 7 species
in Prepona, and 8 in Archaeoprepona
in Neotropic from Mexico to north Argentina.
Noreppa there are 1 species.
Prepona; in Bolivia, there are 6
Archaeoprepona; In Bolivia there are 5
Noreppa; In Bolivia there are 1
Andersen and Peter
found in Yungas, Bolivia (2004 to 2011):
Prepona dexamenus (Hopffer, 1874).
Prepona laertes (Hübner, 1811).
Prepona deiphile (Godart, 1824).
Archaeoprepona amphimachus (Fabricius, 1775)
Archaeoprepona meander (Cramer, 1775)
Archaeoprepona demophon (Linnaeus, 1758).
Archaeoprepona demophoon (Hübner, 1814).
Archaeoprepona licomedes (Cramer, ).
a really rare species from Bolivia; Prepona
praeneste buckleyana (Hewitson, 1876).
Prepona praeneste buckleyana (Hewitson, 1876). Is
protectet by Cites (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an
international agreement between governments. Its
aim is to ensure that international trade in
specimens of wild animals and plants does not
threaten their survival.
Møllmann y Lars
Møllmann y Lars
Butterflies of Will Carter and Kim
hotel, Coroico, Yungas