Mariposas de Bolivia
first update d.
12 January 2010
update d. 10 January 2014
Redactor: Lars Andersen
Anaeini and Preponini.
|The Charaxinae are a group of
robust, medium to large Nymphalids characterised by
having a rapid and very powerful flight, stout
bodies and strong wings.
represented with one Charaxes
species in Europe. Africa by Charaxes, Palla and Euxanthe, in the
Oriental and Australian regions by Polyura and Charaxes.
the neotropics by genera-
Anaeini; Anaea, Coenophlebia, Zaretis, Siderone, Hypna, Polygrapha, Consul, Memphis, Fountainea and Anaeomorpha.
Preponini; Prepona, Archaeoprepona, Noreppe & Agrias.
Archaeoprepona and Prepona
and Prepona are very
similar on the upper surface, black to being
chocolate brown with bands of dazzling blue
or turquoise. The 2 genera can easily be
distinguished by examining the underside
hind-wings - in Archaeoprepona there is a
tiny submarginal ocellus (eyes) in each cell,
but in Prepona the ocellus
near the apex, and the one near the tornus (the muscular
middle section of an insect's body, which
acts as an anchor for the legs, wings, head
and abdomen), are both greatly enlarged.
Another difference is
that Prepona males have tufts of
yellow androconial scales on the hind-wings
(in Archaeoprepona these are black).
wing scales in male butterflies, from which pheromones are
disseminated to attract or convey chemical
messages to females.
Both genera are noted
for their red proboscises (red tube).
This species is found in
rainforests and humid deciduous forests at
altitudes between sea level and about 1600m.
The lifecycle is unknown
but is probably similar to that of demophon as follows :
The eggs are white, globular and laid singly
on Annonaceae or Malpigiaceae.
called the custard apple family
is a family of flowering plants
consisting of trees, shrubs or
Malpighiaceae is a family of flowering plants in the
order Malpighiales. It
comprises approximately 75 genera and 1300
species, all of
which are native to the tropics and subtropics. About
80% of the genera and 90% of the species occur in
the New World (the Caribbean and the
southernmost United States to north
The larvae have a
prominent thoracic hump, and are dark
brown on the thorax (body) and below the
spiracles (breathing holes), the
remainder being pale brown. The head bears a
pair of stout recurved horns. The pupa is
bluish green with irregular white spots
resembling lichen, and is ovoid in shape with
a prominent thoracic bulge. It is
suspended by the cremaster (Tiny hooks at
the tip of the abdomen of a pupa, used to
secure the pupa to a silk pad spun by the
caterpillar) from a leaf or twig.
The butterflies have an
agile and very powerful flight, and are only
active in hot sunny conditions. They commonly
feed at sap runs, and also attend carrion, dung
and rotting fruit on the forest floor. I have
seen up to 4 different species on the animal
excrement and suction. If a fly sit on their
wings, they can pat it away.
Males often sit facing
head-downwards and with wings half open, on
narrow tree trunks at heights between about 2-4
metres, and from this position watch for
potential mates. Often one can see them in fights
with other Nymphalidae in the air. They are probably the
fastest butterflies in the world?
Bibliography and reference
Tree of Life Web Project
learn about Butterflies
|There are 7 species in Prepona, and 8 in
Archaeoprepona in Neotropic from Mexico to north
Noreppa there are 1 species.
Prepona; in Bolivia, there are 6
Archaeoprepona; In Bolivia there are 5
Noreppa; In Bolivia there are 1
Lars Andersen and Peter
found in Yungas, Bolivia (2004 to
amphimachus (Fabricius, 1775)
a really rare species from Bolivia; Prepona
praeneste buckleyana (Hewitson, 1876).
Prepona praeneste buckleyana (Hewitson, 1876). Is
protectet by Cites (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an
international agreement between governments. Its
aim is to ensure that international trade in
specimens of wild animals and plants does not
threaten their survival.
Møllmann y Lars
Møllmann y Lars
Butterflies of Will Carter and Kim
hotel, Coroico, Yungas