Norna, Oeneis norna, (Thunberg,1791). Gurttejohka / Lullehacorru Rr 272A, Jukkasjärvi. Tornetrask nordbred, Sverige 4 juli 2008. Fotograf: Lars Andersen

Butterflies from Scandinavia; Denmark - Sweden - Norway and Finland.

first update d. 18 january - 2014

last update  d. 5 october - 2018

 
Scandinavia includes Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Åland Islands are part of northern Europe. It has been found 142 species butterflies with few immigration species from the south and east. It is very rare that there is migration from the west as the North Sea and the Atlantic is a difficult hurdle to pass. Scandinavia contains several climatic zones, with deciduous forests and grasslands in the south, coniferous forests and swamps midway, mountains and rocky coastlines in the west and tundra in the north where summer is very short and some years absent.

The latin names follow instructions from the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature
which can be read on 
Lepiforum.de that is among the first to bring corrections on their side after ICZN decisions.


Butterflies - Rhopalocera


Swallowtail - Papilionidae -  (Scandinavia; 4. Denmark; 4. Sweden; 4. Norway; 3. Finland; 4)

Apollo Parnassius apollo (DK im - N - S - FIN)
Clouded Apollo Parnassius mnemosyne (DK - N - S - FIN)
Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius (DK - S - FIN immigration)
Swallowtail Papilio machaon (DK/im - N - S - FIN)
 

Skippers - Hesperiidae -  (Scandinavia; 14. Denmark; 10. Sweden; 12. Norway; 10. Finland; 9)

Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages (DK - N - S)
Alpine Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus andromedae (N - S - FIN)
Northern Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus centaureae (N - S - FIN)
Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus malvae (DK - N - S - FIN)
Oberthur's Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus armoricanus (DK - S )
Large Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus alveus (N - S - FIN)
Olive Skipper Pyrgus serratulae (DK immigration)
Large Chequered Skipper Heteropterus morpheus (DK - S - FIN)
Chequered Skipper Carterocephalus palaemon (N - S - FIN)
Northern Chequered Skipper Carterocephalus silvicola (DK - N - S - FIN)
Essex Skipper Thymelicus lineola (DK - N - S - FIN)
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris (DK)
Large Skipper Ochlodes sylvanus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Silver Spotted Skipper Hesperia comma (DK - N - S - FIN)

Whites - Pieridae  (Scandinavia; 16. Denmark; 12. Sweden; 14. Norway; 13. Finland; 16)

Wood White Leptidea sinapis (DK† - N - S - FIN)
Cryptic Wood White Leptidea juvernica ( DK† - N - S - FIN)
Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines (DK - N - S - FIN)
Black Veined White Aporia crataegi (DK - N - S - FIN)
Eastern Bath White Pontia edusa (DK im - S )
Small Bath White Pontia chloridice (FIN immigration)
Peak White Pontia callidice (N immigration)
Large White Pieris brassicae (DK - N - S - FIN)
Small White Pieris rapae (DK - N - S - FIN)
Green Veined White Pieris napi (DK - N - S - FIN)
Pale Clouded Yellow Colias hyale (DK im - S immigration )
Arctic Clouded Yellow Colias hecla ( N - S - FIN)
Pale Arctic Clouded Yellow Colias tyche ( N - S - FIN)
Moorland Clouded Yellow Colias palaeno ( DK im - N - S - FIN)
Clouded Yellow Colias croceus (DK im - N im - S im - FIN im)
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni (DK - N - S - FIN)

Blue - Lycaenidae -  (Scandinavia; 38. Denmark; 25/27*. Sweden; 32. Norway; 23. Finland; 28)

Small Blue Cupido minimus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Short-Tailed Blue Everes argiades (S - FIN immigration)
Provençal Short-Tailed Blue Everes alcetas (FIN immigration)
Long-Tailed Blue Lampides boeticus (DK - S import*)
Geranium Bronze Cacyreus marshalli (DK - S import*)
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Eastern Baton Blue Pseudophilotes vicrama (FIN)
Chequered Blue Scolitantides orion (N - S - FIN)
Green-underside Blue Glaucopsyche alexis (DK im - N - S - FIN)
Large Blue Phengaris arion (DK - N - S - FIN)
Alcon Blue Phengaris alcon (DK - S)
Silver Studded Blue Plebejus argus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Idas Blue Plebejus idas (DK - N - S - FIN)
Reverdin's Blue Plebejus argyrognomon (N - S)
Cranberry Blue Agriades optilete (DK - N - S - FIN)
Arctic Blue Agriades aquilo (N - S - FIN)
Alpine Argus Agriades orbitulus (N - S)
Brown Argus Aricia agestis (DK - S)
Mountain Argus Aricia artaxerxes (DK - N - S - FIN)
Silvery Argus Aricia nicias (N - S - FIN)
Geranium Argus Eumedonia eumedon (N - S - FIN)
Mazarine Blue Cyaniris semiargus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Turquoise Blue Polyommatus dorylas (S)
Amanda's Blue Polyommatus amandus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus (DK - N - S - FIN)
   
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas  (DK - N - S - FIN)
Violet Copper Lycaena helle (N - S - FIN)
Sooty Copper Lycaena tityrus (DK)
Scarce Copper Lyacena virgaureae (DK - N - S - FIN)
Large Copper Lycaena dispar (DK- FIN)
Purple Edged Copper Lyacena hippothoe (DK - N - S - FIN)
Purple Shot Copper Lycaena alciphron (DK immigration)
   
Brown Hairstreak Thecla betulae  (DK - N - S - FIN)
Purple Hairstreak Favonius quercus (DK - N - S - FIN)
White Letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album (DK - N - S - FIN)
Black Hairstreak Satyrium pruni (DK† - S - FIN) 
Ilex Hairstreak Satyrium ilicis (DK† - S)
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi (DK - N - S - FIN) 

Metalmarks - Riodinidae -  (Scandinavia; 1. Denmark; 1. Sweden; 1. Norway; 0. Finland; 0)

Duke of Burgundy Fritillary    Hamearis lucina (DK- S)

Brush-footed butterflies - Nymphalidae  (Scandinavia; 69. Denmark; 45. Sweden; 60. Norway; 49. Finland; 58)

Silver Washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia (DK - N - S - FIN)
Pallas's Fritillary Argynnis laodice (DK im - S im - FIN im)
Dark Green Fritillary Speyeria aglaja (DK - N - S - FIN)
High Brown Fritillary Fabriciana adippe (DK - N - S - FIN)
Niobe Fritillary Fabriciana niobe (DK - N - S - FIN)
Queen of Spain Fritillary Issoria lathonia (DK - N - S - FIN)
Lesser Marbled Fritillary Brenthis ino (DK - N - S - FIN)
Bog Fritillary Boloria eunomia (N - S - FIN)
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene (DK - N - S - FIN)
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne (DK - N - S - FIN)
Titania's Fritillary Boloria titania (FIN)
Weaver's Fritillary Boloria dia (DK)
Arctic Fritillary Boloria chariclea (N - S - FIN)
Freija's Fritillary Boloria freija (N - S - FIN)
Polar Fritillary Boloria polaris (N - S - FIN)
Thore's Fritillary Boloria thore (N - S - FIN)
Frigga's Fritillary Boloria frigga (N - S - FIN)
Dusky-winged Fritillary Boloria improba (N - S - FIN)
Mountain Fritillary Boloria napaea (N - S - FIN)
Cranberry Fritillary Boloria aquilonaris (DK - N - S - FIN)
European Map Araschnia levana (DK - S - FIN)
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta (DK im - N im - S im - FIN im) 
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui (DK im - N im - S im - FIN im)
Peacock Aglais io (DK - N - S - FIN)
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae (DK - N - S - FIN)
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa (DK - N - S - FIN)
Large Tortoiseshell Nymphalis polychloros (DK/ im - S - FIN)
Scarce Tortoiseshell Nymphalis xanthomelas (DK im - S - FIN im)
False Comma Nymphalis vaualbum (DK im - S im - FIN im)
Comma Polygonia c-album (DK - N - S - FIN)
Lappland Fritillary Euphydryas iduna (N - S - FIN)
Scarce Fritillary Euphydryas maturna (DK - S - FIN)
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia (DK - S - FIN)
Glanville Fritillary Melitaea cinxia (DK - N - S - FIN)
False-heath Fritilary Melitaea diamina (DK†/ int - N - S - FIN)
Heath Fritillary Melitaea athalia (DK - N - S - FIN)
Assmann's Fritillary Melitaea britomartis (S)
Poplar Admiral Limenitis populi (DK† - N - S - FIN)
White Admiral Limenitis camilla (DK - S - FIN)
Purple Emperor Apatura iris (DK - S - FIN)
Lesser Purple Emperor Apatura ilia (DK - S - FIN)
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria (DK - N - S - FIN)
Wall Brown Lasiommata megera (DK - N - S)
Large Wall Brown Lasiommata maera (DK im - N - S - FIN)
Northern Wall Brown Lasiommata petropolitana (DK im - N - S - FIN)
Woodland Brown Lopinga achine (S - FIN)
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia (DK - N - S - FIN)
Chestnut Heath Coenonympha glycerion (FIN)
Pearly Heath Coenonympha arcania (DK† - N - S )
Scarce Heath Coenonympha hero (DK† - N - S )
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperantus (DK - N - S - FIN)
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina (DK - N - S - FIN)
Dusky Meadow Brown Hyponephele lycaon (FIN)
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus (DK immigration)
Arran Brown Erebia ligea (DK im - N - S - FIN)
Large Ringlet Erebia euryale (FIN immigration)
Lapland Ringlet Erebia embla (N - S - FIN)
Arctic Ringlet Erebia disa (N - S - FIN)
Arctic Woodland Ringlet Erebia polaris (N - FIN)
Dewy Ringlet Erebia pandrose (N - S - FIN)
Marbled White Melanargia galathea (DK - S immigration)
Rock Grayling Hipparchia alcyone (N)
Grayling Hipparchia semele (DK - N - S - FIN)
Hermit Chazara briseis (S immigration)
Norse Grayling Oeneis norna (N - S - FIN)
Arctic Grayling Oeneis bore (N - S - FIN)
Baltic Grayling Oeneis jutta (N - S - FIN)
Monarch Danaus plexippus (DK im - S im)

_____________

Denmark = DK immigration = im
Norway = N extinct =
Sweden = S import = imp
Finland = FIN introduced = int

_____________

In Scandinavia observed approximately: 142 species of butterflies
In
Sweden observed approximately: 123 species of butterflies
In
Finland observed approximately: 115 species of butterflies
In
Norway observed approximately: 98 species of butterflies
In
Denmark observed approximately: 97 species of butterflies


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